Tea is the second most popular drink in the world (water comes first). They like to drink it in its pure form, with milk, add fruits, spices and spices to the drink. They drink it in every home with any meal or on their own, arrange festive tea parties and tea ceremonies. This is a unique drink with a thousand-year history and a large number of varieties that are grown in different parts of our planet.
Where tea is grown
The geography of tea cultivation is extensive, but the Chinese were the first to discover the healing properties and pleasant taste of the drink. Even before the beginning of our era, tea was considered a medicine, and in the 5th century AD, the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom began to use it as a drink. The tea culture in China is at a high level; elite varieties of tea are grown here. China ranks 1st in the amount of tea grown. The most important tea provinces are Hunan, Guangdong, Hubei, Fujian, Yunnan, Anhui, Guangdong and Zhejiang.
Since the 19th century, India has become the largest producer and exporter of tea. In the ranking of manufacturing countries, it takes 2nd place. Many tea varieties are grown here, the most popular of which are Assam and Darjeeling. In India, tea bushes are planted mainly in the Himalayas, western Bengal and the south of the country.
Sri Lanka ranks third in the amount of tea produced - more budget varieties of black and green tea are grown here, which have a bright taste and fresh aroma. The main plantations are located in the center of the island (Dimbula, Kandy, Nuwara Elia), and elite varieties are grown in the southern part of Sri Lanka, high in the mountains.
Kenya produces over 500 thousand tons of tea annually and is the largest tea producer in Africa. The favorable climate allows growing more than 50 varieties of tea and harvesting all year round. The main tea plantations are located high above sea level in regions such as Nandi, Kericho, Nyamira and Kisii.
Tea is also grown in other parts of the world: Vietnam, Indonesia, England, Portugal, France, Azerbaijan, Turkey, etc.
From yellow to blue
All over the world, tea is traditionally made from Chinese camellia bushes. And the color and taste of the drink depend solely on the climatic conditions and the method of processing. Tea processing is the most important step in production. Today there are many varieties of tea, but the most popular are black, green, purple, yellow and white teas.
Mostly green tea leaves, but in the process of fermentation (oxidation), the raw material loses its color and takes on a different shade. The process looks like this: crushed and rolled tea leaves are left to oxidize by exposure to air and steam on open production belts.
Different varieties undergo different oxidation states. Green and white teas do not undergo oxidation. Low-fermented teas include yellow tea. Matcha and purple tea are medium fermented. Black tea is considered a highly fermented product, while pu-erh tea is double fermented.
The benefits of tea
Each tea variety is distinguished by its taste, color and useful properties.
White tea is the record holder for the content of micro and macronutrients, as well as the most expensive type of tea. It is produced from young top leaves and unblown buds, is not fermented and dries naturally. This variety has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-aging effects. Yellow varieties stimulate the central nervous system, relieve headaches, improve mood and regulate hemoglobin levels in the blood.
Green tea has antibacterial and antioxidant properties, helps lower sugar and cholesterol levels, and thins the blood. has a positive effect on the cardiovascular and nervous systems. Black tea has a powerful stimulating effect, removes toxins from the body, helps to reduce weight, improves cognitive functions of the brain, helps to lower blood pressure and has a positive effect on the intestinal microflora. Purple tea contains a record amount of antioxidants, helps fight free radicals and protects our body from cancer.
Tea is not just delicious, but also a very healthy drink that should be in every home. Drinking several cups of tea daily will help prevent many diseases and brighten up even the most cloudy day.